If you’ve asked yourself “What is Applied Behavior Analysis?” Or “What is ABA?” Or if someone has asked you any of these questions, this article may help you answer them.
Applied behavior analysis is also known as ABA. ABA is a science. It can also be considered a professional service or a therapeutic intervention.
If you are familiar with other services, such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, counseling or social work, you can think of ABA as another type of human service like those areas with different characteristics and approach. different, in some ways, in helping people.
Although, by the way, ABA can also be used for animals as well as humans, such as in animal training programs.
For a free document that gives more details and explanation on the definition of ABA, you can go here.
The simplest way to define ABA is to think of it as a service based on the science of behavior and learning. This means that ABA is based on what is found to be effective in helping living things change behavior and learn new things.
ABA helps us discover how people can improve behavior in themselves and in others. It can help people, children and adults alike, learn and develop many different skills.
The founding of ABA began in the early to mid 1900s. Applied behavior analysis has evolved as a field since then and developed quite rapidly and extensively in the late 20th century and at the start of the 21st century.
Various aspects of ABA have been researched. Research supports the effectiveness of using ABA in changing behaviors and improving the quality of life of various populations.
One of the main areas of interest in applied behavior analysis is the idea that the environment has an impact on behavior. From an ABA perspective, behavior is changed by what is going on outside of the individual.
Although in ABA it is important to take into account internal factors such as biology or medical issues, ABA primarily focuses on how a person’s environment, physical and social environment, influences his behavior.
Socially meaningful behaviors
Another main goal of ABA is that the intervention addresses socially significant behaviors. This means that ABA addresses the behaviors, or problems, that are important to the person receiving ABA or using Applied Behavior Analysis.
Socially significant behaviors are those that will have a significant impact on the quality of life.
ABA can be used for almost any behavioral or learning problem in humans and many animals.
Here are some examples of using ABA:
- Improve communication skills
- Improve social skills
- Reduce problematic (or inappropriate) behavior
- Increase a person’s independence
- Teaching self-care skills
- Teach life skills
- Teach job skills
- Improve academics
- Improve relationships
- Potty training
- Improve healthy habits
- Improve sleep hygiene
These are just a few examples of what Applied Behavior Analysis can be used for. There are many other behaviors and skills that can be supported with the use of ABA.
ABA can be used for people who have been diagnosed, such as autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or oppositional defiant disorder, as well as for people without a diagnosis.
ABA can be provided in different ways. It is individualized to the person receiving the services.
ABA can be provided as an intensive service, as is often the case with children with autism spectrum disorders. As an intensive service, ABA can be provided for 20 to 40 hours per week to a young child with ASD. This service can be provided by a qualified behavior technician under the supervision of a Board Certified Behavior Analyst.
Another example of how ABA could be done is in a parenting training model where an ABA provider meets once or twice a week for 1 to 2 hour sessions with a parent to help a parent to. learn ways to improve your child’s behaviors and skills.
For more information on using ABA in a parent training service, you can visit: www.ABAparenttraining.com or view the ABA One Year Parent Training Program or Membership Program at ABA parental training.
ABA can also be performed in a consultation model where a trained ABA professional consults with an individual or organization to provide recommendations on how to help the client create and achieve their goals. This could be seen with health and wellness supports or in the management of organizational behavior.
ABA can also be provided as an individual service as well as in a group.
There are many different strategies that are used in ABA to help people improve their behaviors and skills.
Here are some examples of ABA-based strategies:
- positive reinforcement
- negative reinforcement
- task analysis
- self management
These are just a few examples of using ABA. There are many other examples of how ABA can be achieved and strategies that could be used within ABA to help people achieve their goals.
We have reviewed some of the features of ABA.
To learn more about ABA, see the online course: “What is ABA?” Introduction to the field of applied behavior analysis. ‘